Red River Ancestry
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(Last Updated: February 12, 2016)


Thomas HALCROW / HALCRO was born Aug 7, 1815 (baptised Oct 25, 1820 at St Johns), son of Mary (Indian) and Thomas HALCROW SR (1781-1854), an HBC blacksmith from the Orkneys of Scotland.



In 1824 Thomas’ father retired and the family moved to Red River where in 1835 they were living on River Lot 50 in St Paul Parish.


Marriage to Charlotte KNIGHT


On Jan 21, 1836 Thomas married Charlotte Sarah KNIGHT, the daughter of Sophia HALLETT and James KNIGHT (1783-1854), another HBC trader from the Orkneys of Scotland.

Thomas HALCROW Dies


In 1854 Thomas HALCROW died at the age of 54, two days after his ninth child, Willie, was born. He was buried in the St Andrews Anglican Churchyard. This left his widow Charlotte with six surviving children; Joseph (age 17), Maria (12), Catherine (9), Margaret (7), Henry (age 3) and baby Willie.


Around 1856 adopted daughter Euphemia COOK-HALCRO married Philip HOURIE, son of Margaret BIRD and John HOURIE (1779-1857) from the Orkneys. ** MORE ABOUT JOHN HOURIE


In 1859 daughter Maria married John Henry CORRIGAL in St Andrews, son of Hannah ANDERSON and James CORRIGAL (1810-1887). ** MORE ABOUT JAMES CORRIGAL


In 1861 son Joseph married his sister-in-law, Mary Ann CORRIGAL, daughter of Hannah (Anna) ANDERSON & James CORRIGAL (1810-1887). ** MORE ABOUT JAMES CORRIGAL


In 1867 daughter Margaret married James (DUCHARME) MONKMAN, the illegitimate child of Jane MONKMAN and Pierre DUCHARME alias LANOUCHE from Quebec. Jane was the daughter of Mary (Indian) and James MONKMAN (1775-1865) from England. ** MORE ABOUT JAMES MONKMAN


Canadian Confederation
A Red River Rebellion
Manitoba becomes a Province


On July 1, 1867 the British colonies in North America were united under the British North American Act to become the Dominion of CanadaSir John A MACDONALD (1815-1891) was appointed as Canada’s first Prime Minister. William McDOUGALL (1822-1905) became the Minister of Public Works, and he began negotiations to acquire Rupert’s Land from the HBC; surveyors were sent to Red River to prepare the way for an expected influx of settlers.


In 1869 daughter Catherine married Alexander McBEATH in Kildonan, son of Ellen MATHESON & John McBEATH, (1792-1878), natives of Scotland (Selkirk Settlers).


On Oct 11, 1869, Louis RIEL (1844-1885) placed his foot on the surveyors’ chain to tell them their work was finished! This marked the beginning of the historic Red River Métis Rebellion.


On July 15, 1870 the Rebellion ended when RIEL’s Provisional Government accepted the terms of the Manitoba Act and Manitoba became the fifth province of Canada.


Census 1870:Charlotte was a widow in St Andrews Parish, her married daughters and their families living with her, or nearby. 


In 1871 son Henry married Jane Mary SMITH, daughter of Elizabeth SANDERSON and Thomas SMITH (b-c1830).


In 1875 Charlotte (of St Andrews) claimed her Scrip as the widow of Thomas HALCROW


In 1877 youngest son Willie married Margaret MONKMAN in Kildonan, the daughter of Elizabeth HENDERSON and Joseph MONKMAN (1830-1908).


Census of 1881: Charlotte (age 64) living with her son Willie in St Paul, MB.


Halcro Settlement in Saskatchewan


In 1882 Charlotte’s sons William and Henry moved to Saskatchewan with their families and founded the Halcro Settlement SE of Prince Albert. They must have taken their very elderly mother with them.


On Dec 25, 1895 Charlotte (nee KNIGHT) HALCRO died at Halcro, SK.


Comments and queries at this link: FORUM DISCUSSING this THOMAS HALCROW FAMILY


======================== Family Details ========================


1. Nov 16, 1837 THOMAS HALCRO (Died age 15)
2. Nov 16, 1837 JOSEPH HALCRO (m. Mary Ann CORRIGAL)
3. Aug, 1838 ELIZA HALCRO (Died Age 6 in 1844)
4. Dec 24, 1842 MARIA HALCRO (m1. John Henry CORRIGAL)
5. Apr 15, 1845 CATHERINE HALCRO (An affair with Duncan CAMPBELL, m2. Alexander McBEATH)


7. Feb 5, 1851 HENRY HALCRO (m1. Jane Mary SMITH, m2. Harriet Ann SPENCE, m3. Mary Matilda HODGSON)
8. Dec 9, 1854 WILLIAM "WILLIE" HALCRO (m. Margaret MONKMAN)