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(Last Updated: April 09, 2015)


Joseph KIRKNESS was born Apr 6, 1855 in St Peters Parish, son of Sarah SETTEE and Andrew KIRKNESS (1822-1882). Andrew was the grandson of Mary Margaret MOWAT and Andrew KIRKNESS (1770-1822+) from the Orkneys of Scotland. ** MORE ABOUT GRANDFATHER ANDREW KIRKNESS


Joseph’s was a nephew of Reverend James SETTEE (1809-1902), the noted Indian clergyman. His father's wife Sarah was Reverend SETTEE’s sister. ** MORE ABOUT REVEREND JAMES SETTEE


In 1875 Joseph’s mother (Sarah) died. That year his father (Andrew) claimed Scrip for Joseph and his brother, James KIRKNESS, as heirs to their deceased mother. In 1876 Joseph (of St Clements Parish) claimed his own Half-breed Scrip.


Census 1881: Joseph (age 25) with his widowed father Andrew in St Andrews Parish (Lower Fort Garry area).

His father, Andrew KIRKNESS died in 1882 and Joseph was his only child that produced children and descendants for that lineage.


Joseph marries Maggie PHLLIPS


In 1885, Joseph married Margaret “Maggie” PHILLIPS, the eldest child of half-breed Charlotte LAMBERT and William PHILLIPS (1842-1922) from the Orkneys of Scotland.


After they married, Joseph and Maggie settled along Wavey Creek which drains into Netley Creek where Maggie’s parents lived. They remained on Wavey Creek for the rest of their lives.


Netley Creeks


Census of 1891 along Wavey Creek: Joseph KIRKNESS, age 33; wife Margaret, age 23. Children: Catherine (age 7), Christina (4) and baby Alexander.


Census of 1901 along Wavey Creek: Joseph KIRKNESS, age 44; wife Margaret, age 33. Children: Joseph George (age 8), John (6), Horace (4) and Stanley (age 2).


In 1904 construction of St Georges Wakefield Anglican Church was begun, under the direction of the McKENZIE brothers, sons of Revrend Benjamin McKENZIE (1837-1928). Among the construction workers were Joseph KIRKNESS and William PHILLIPS (Joseph's father-in-law).


St Georges Wakefield Anglican Church

St George’s Wakefield Church, built in 1904


In 1906 daughter Margaret Christina married Frederick John FOORD from England, son of Isabella BANKS and John James FOORD (1846-1900).

Census of 1906 along Wavey Creek: Joseph KIRKNESS, age 50; wife Margaret, age 39. Children: Margaret (age 19), Joseph (14), John (11), Horace (9), Stahley (7), Albert (5) and Frank (3).


Margaret (nee Phillips) Kirkness with her parents

Charlotte (nee Lampbert), William Phillips and their daughter Margaret Kirkness
From a family photo.


In 1911 son Joseph George married Margaret Jane LAMBERT, daughter of Catherine SLATER and Andrew George LAMBERT (1867-1894).


Census of 1911 along Wavey Creek: Joseph KIRKNESS, age 54; wife Margaret, age 43. Children: George (18). John (16), Horace (14), Stanley (11), Edward (8), Frank (7) and Malcolm (age 3).


World War I


On Aug 4, 1914 Great Britain (Canada on Aug 5) declared war on Germany and Austria-Hungary to uphold treaties with France and Belgium which were under German attack. This marked the beginning of World War I.


On Dec 9, 1915 son Horace Charles enlisted at Selkirk with the 108th Battalion. He died on Apr 19, 1916 (only 19 years old) and is listed on the Selkirk War Memorial.


Census of 1916 along Wavey Creek: Joseph KIRKNESS, age 59; wife Margaret, age 48. Children: Stanley (age 18), Frank (13) and Malcolm (age 9).


In 1916-17 Maggie’s younger brothers, Joseph and Alex PHILLIPS enlisted.


In the spring of 1918 son Stanley KIRKNESS enlisted at Winnipeg.


November 11, 1918, Armistice Day (Remembrance Day) marked the end of the First World War.


Census of 1921 along Wavey Creek: Joseph KIRKNESS, age 65; wife Margaret, age 53. Children: Stanley (age 22) and Malcolm (age 14).


On Dec 2, 1922 Joseph KIRKNESS died in Clandeboye, age 68.


Around 1931 son Stanley married Dorothy Helen McDONALD, daughter of Anne Evelyn BEDDOME and Joseph McDONALD (1859-1932).


World War II


On Sept 4, 1939 Canada and Britain declared war on Germany, and almost immediately new recruits began pouring into Winnipeg to sign up with the Winnipeg Grenadiers and the Royal Rifles of Canada.


In the spring of 1943 youngest son Malcolm, was among the ‘returned home soldiers’ of the Queen’s Own Cameron Highlanders having been wounded in action.


Pte. Malcolm Kirkness

Pte. Malcolm Kirkness


On May 7, 1945 Germany surrendered and the War in Europe ended; the next day, May 8, is declared VE Day.


On July 6, 1947 Maggie (nee PHILLIPS) KIRKNESS died in Clandeboye.


Comments and queries at this link: FORUM DISCUSSING the JOSEPH KIRKNESS FAMILY


======================= Family Details =======================


1. Oct 8, 1884 CATHERINE ANNE KIRKNESS (Died in infancy, age 7)
2. Nov 16, 1886 MARGARET CHRISTINA KIRKNESS (m. Frederick James FOORD)


3. Dec 22, 1888 ANDREW WILLIAM ARCHIBALD KIRKNESS (Died in infancy, 6 mos)
4. Aug 11, 1890 ALEXANDER JAMES KIRKNESS (Died in infancy, age 3)
5. Sep 1, 1892 JOSEPH GEORGE KIRKNESS (m. Margaret Jane LAMBERT)
6. Dec 5, 1894 JOHN RICHARD KIRKNESS (Died age 18)
7. Nov 16, 1897 HORACE CHARLES KIRKNESS (Died age 19)
8. Jan 6, 1899 STANLEY HOWARD KIRKNESS (Dorothy Helen McDONALD)
9. Jul 3, 1901 ALBERT EDWARD KIRKNESS (Drowned, age 9)